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Maintaining the RSK is straightforward.

January 2024    Award -Winning Unique Design:
RSK shelter kits provided to families displaced by earthquake in Nepal

Kushe  January 2024 

Assembly of the first shelter kit that includes a complete bamboo frame

A trained RSK response team built  RSK shelters
for over 150 people displaced by the Jajarkot earthquake 
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Standard RSK with the front awning open during the day is here providing a useful covered cooking area.

Nalgad December 2023 

When the team arrived in these remote rural communities 
many families were still living in very poorly  built shelters 
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Nalgad December 2023 

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Nalgad December 2023 

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Kushe  January 2024 

the main problem is building the roof of their shelter.

After working with the trained RSK team
these families were empowered to build their own Standard RSK  shelters. 
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IMG_3639.HEIC

Nalgad December 2023 

Nalgad December 2023 

Community members take part in demonstrating that 4 bamboo poles overlapped in turn make a "self-supporting " reciprocal frame.

They then placed this reciprocal frame on the ground and lashed it together. 

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Finally they lashed this reciprocal frame on top of 4 side poles to complete their shelter roof.

Kushe  January 2024 

Kushe  January 2024 

The complete roof frame was then carried to their shelter site. 

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This shelter is being located next to the recipients collapsed house

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Nalgad December 2023 

Digging the post holes for another RSK shelter

Nalgad December 2023 

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They then lifted their roof frame onto 4 support posts

Nalgad December 2023 

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After lashing the roof to the support posts their RSK shelter frame is complete

Kushe  January 2024 

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Nalgad December 2023 

Positioning the first wall tarpaulin.

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Nalgad December 2023 

Attaching the tarpaulin to the bamboo frame

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Nalgad December 2023 

Nalgad December 2023 

Finally the roof tarpaulin is attached. 

Inside the Standard RSK shelter sleeping area

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Nalgad December 2023 

Front awning open during day

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Nalgad December 2023 

Front awning closed at night

Special features of the RSK that helped families build their shelter:
1. Building the roof frame on the ground 
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This unique feature empowers all the family, young and old,  to assist in making the roof instead of having to build it overhead.

Nalgad December 2023 

Special feature of RSK that helped families: 
 2. Simple tools and basic skills
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Nalgad December 2023 

Only a saw or machete are required to make an RSK shelter.

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Kushe  January 2024 

Lashing  the roof poles together can be done by all family members. 

                     Special feature of RSK that helped families : 
                    3. Using a bamboo baton to align the roof frame.
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Nalgad December 2023 

A  bamboo baton pre-cut to the inside frame width makes it easy to keep the central frame square .

Special feature of RSK that helped families: 
4.  Using familiar " traditional build methods " to support the roof frame.
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The RSK frame assembly uses traditional methods that will be familiar to the community.

Nalgad December 2023 

Special feature of RSK that helped families. 
5. Using the RSK's 4 strong attachment points for roof tarpaulin
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Nalgad December 2023 

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Nalgad December 2023 

The tarpaulin is "bunched" and secured around the 4 corners of the RSK roof frame.

In Kushe the team showed how pre-assembled RSK roof frames
can be stacked on the ground for families to collect and carry to their site

This mass production of roof frames has important implications for large scale disasters.

Kushe  January 2024 

In Nalgad the team cut
the green bamboo they needed every morning

 
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Nalgad December 2023 

IMG_3685.HEIC
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Nalgad December 2023 

Nalgad December 2023 

No bamboo is wasted. Even bent bamboo can be used for the side poles

 green bamboo works well for RSK shelter frames when dried bamboo is not available

In Kushe the team brought dried bamboo in a truck for the community.
As the RSK shelters use 33% less bamboo than any equivalent span shelter this saved a considerable amount on transportation costs
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Kushe  January 2024 

Kushe  January 2024 

Transferring bamboo from the team truck to the community tractor.

The RSK roof uses only two different lengths of bamboo making it a highly  efficient use of bamboo.

Versatility of RSK shelters
The bamboo poles are interchangeable between all 4 types of RSK shelter

 
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STANDARD RSK

URBAN RSK

EMERGENCY RSK

DOUBLE RSK

As all RSKs use the same roof frame the team could have built any of these shelters if the situation on arrival in Jajarkot had required them to do so.

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Kushe  January 2024 

This smaller version of the Urban RSK was built by the team to sleep in whilst in Kushe. The Urban shelter is free standing on asphalt or concrete. 

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Versatility of RSK shelters
In Kushe the Standard RSK shelter was adapted to the cold and exposed location
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The shelter was built with a slightly smaller frame, lower roof height and greater roof incline.

Kushe  January 2024 

Kushe  January 2024 

If the community had been above the snow line we would have further increased the incline of the load-bearing roof.

Versatility of RSK shelters
The kits are easily carried and adaptable to different situations
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Kushe  January 2024 

Recipients can carry the complete RSK roof frame to its final shelter build site.

Kushe  January 2024 

This ability to remain on or close to their land is  important to families.

Versatility of RSK shelters
easy to repair, maintain and upgrade
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Nalgad December 2023 

This family has built a more substantial covered  area on the front of their shelter.

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Nalgad December 2023 

Maintaining the RSK is straightforward and this empowers recipients to work on their personal shelter

Final checks, answering questions and giving advice
before the RSK team depart
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Ensuring community links are in place.

Nalgad December 2023 

                                               FOOTNOTE
Just before this Jajarkot deployment on 25th November 2023 we tested the latest RSK shelter design in training in Sarlahi, Nepal
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Sarlahi  November 2024 

This Urban RSK modification is particularly designed for earthquake victims and is free-standing on asphalt and concrete. It's strength, stability and living space exceeded our expectations and we are now looking forward to further field testing.

                        Sphere Standards
The RSK shelter program aims to meet Sphere humanitarian standards in design, planning and emergency response 
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